1)     Intangible Cultural Heritage

UNESCO has adopted its Convention on Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage in the 32nd General Conference held in Paris on October 17th, 2003. Intangible Cultural Heritage is defined by the UNESCO as practices, representations, expressions, information and skills that communities, groups and sometimes individuals define as a part of their cultural heritage and tools, equipment and cultural venues. With this convention, it is aimed to raise sensitivity at national and international level for protection of intangible cultural heritage, respect to intangible cultural heritage and protection of this heritage. Handed down from generation to generation, this heritage is recreated consistently depending on interaction of communities and groups with environment, nature and history and this gives them an identity and a sense of continuity; therefore, the respect to cultural diversity and human creativeness is consolidated.

Intangible Cultural Heritage especially includes the fields below.

  1. a) Verbal traditions and expressions with language which acts as a carrier role in transfer of intangible cultural heritage
  2. b) Performance arts
  3. c) Social practices, rituals and feasts
  4. d) Information and practices on nature and universe
  5. e) Tradition of handicrafts

2)     Cultural Heritage and Children

As a comprehensive concept containing natural and cultural environment, cultural heritage is a distinguished expression of human creativeness and it is required to handed down to next generations without spoiling. As of the last quarter of the 20th century, it has been seen that value given by the society for its cultural heritage that it defines as its own heritage has started being at the center of decisions of preservation on that heritage. Say of the people in heritage protection is defined and encouraged as a sustainable approach for protection of cultural heritage. Likewise, cultural heritage is a resource that is in people’s favor and this resource is not dead or does not belong to the past; but is a part of the society where people live in.

As stressed by value-based approaches, societies are focused on preserving and watching what they esteem. Protected and favored places turn into environments that people are proud of and where they enjoy living there. The fact that societies esteem and preserve historical environments that they live in affects positively generation of societies that are able to recover themselves more quickly. It is obvious that training on cultural heritage and preservation to start at early ages is so important in raising awareness on tangible and intangible heritage to be preserved in the society. It is always emphasized that it is important for children and young people to establish a relationship with a special context like cultural heritage in terms of learning and understanding a certain subject by doing or gaining a certain skill.

3)     Story-Telling and Children

Story-telling is a popular concept used in various fields today. However, the act of story-telling dates back to centuries ago. Our elders telling us tales, heroics and legends in our childhood actually performed story-telling. The reason why we still know the stories that were made up centuries ago is they have been handed down from generation to generation since then.

The tool of socialization and entertainment was language before technological tools like television, Internet, etc. had been invented. People had opened the door of different worlds with stories of story-tellers and both had had fun and learned by developing their imagination. Story-telling, which actually appears like it is beginning to fade away or its functionality has been eliminated, has emerged today and started gain currency. The reason is story-telling triggers dream world and this becomes a resource that companies are fed since it contributes to development of creativeness.

Story-telling teaches children how to speak meaningfully and aimfully. It enlarges vocabulary of children and enhances their language use and capability of learning a new language, thus their communicative skills. It develops their logical thinking, creativeness and imagination. Furthermore, children are more keen on reading and writing and telling new stories.